UAE;*

 

The United Arab Emirates (UAE) consists of the seven small emirates of Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Sharjah, Ras Al-Khaimah, Ajman, Umm Al-Qaiwain, and Fujairah, which were united as a federal state on 2 December 1971. Before the establishment of the oil economy in the early 1960s, two main orientations shaped traditional Emeriati culture: the nomadic desert-oriented Bedouins with small oasis farming within the broader context of the desert economy and culture, and the sea-oriented culture that revolved around pearling and sea trading. These subcultures were economically, politically, and socially interdependent, creating a common culture and social identity. The UAE shares significant aspects of its culture with neighboring Arab countries and the larger Arab culture.  The UAE covers 32,278 square miles (83,600 square kilometers) and is located on the Arabian (Persian) Gulf. It shares land borders with Oman, Qatar, and Saudi Arabia. The seven emirates vary greatly in size. Abu Dhabi represents 85 percent of the land, and the smallest emirate is Ajman. Each emirate is named after its capital city, and Abu Dhabi City is the permanent capital of the nation. The inland area is mostly desert with a few oases, and the barren Hajar Mountains run through the country. The UAE has a dry climate with very high temperatures and humidity in the summer.

 

http://www.everyculture.com/To-Z/United-Arab-Emirates.html

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Music and dance in UAE;*

 

 

 

United Arab Emirates music and dance reflects the country’s rich heritage and ancient culture. The Bedouin folk music, which is very popular in United Arab Emirates, is Persian Gulf khaleeji’s age old tradition. Music and dance in UAE are a part of every cultural event and festivals. The night life here is very thriving. The traditional as well as the modern music are played at the nightclubs. Percussion instruments like drums are a vital part of the folk music of UAE. Some of the very famous singers are Ahlam, Abdel Moniem Al Saleh or Moniem, Reem, Aithah Al-Menhali, Rouwaida, Al Wasmi, Samar and Abdallah Belkhair. Dance plays an important role in the daily life of the people of UAE. Some of the very popular dance forms of United Arab Emirates are Ayyalah, Harbiya, Mated, Liwa and Haban. Ayyalah signifies a war with the enemy and its defeat. This is one of the most popular traditional folk dance forms in UAE. The dance is performed in large groups of 200 men. Harbiya is performed by two long lines of men confronting each other. There are no music in this dance rather melodic phrases are used as accompaniments. Liwa is performed during festivals. Loud music and rapid tempo are what characterizes this dance form. Mated is performed to celebrate the birthday of Prophet Mohammed.

http://www.mapsofworld.com/united-arab-emirates/culture/music-and-dance.html

Traditional Sports;*

Pearl diving;

The ancient pearling industry provided the only real income for the people of what is now the UAE. The land was too barren to allow any farming and the people were generally too concerned with finding water, food and other provisions to consider trying to make money. The barter system was their way of trading. A few families would leave the nomadic desert lifestyle and settle on the coast to fish. Some of the fishermen probably found the occasional pearl when wading in the shallows, and kept it until there was an opportunity to barter it. To gather enough oysters to make a living, however, required a huge communal effort, as well as people who were able to dive to depths of around 40 meters without equipment, in order to access the offshore oyster beds.

 

Falconry; 

The Arabs have engaged in falconry for over 2,000 years and the skills involved in the sport have been passed down through the generations.
Falconry depends on patience and partnership between bird and handler. the bird demonstrates trust and obedience; the handler shows friendship and compassion.
Peregrine and Lanner falcons are the preferred breeds for training.
In his book Falconry: Our Arab Heritage, HH the late Sheikh Zayed Bin Sultan Al Nahyan describes the main methods of capturing the birds. In the first, the hunter conceals himself beneath branches in a pit in the ground. He releases a pigeon with a string attached to its leg from the pit, to act as a lure. When the falcon seizes its prey, the hunter carefully winds in the string until the bird is within his reach. An alternative means of capture is netting. Once again, a pigeon is used as bait, being released under a net when a falcon is nearby. In its rush to attack the pigeon, the falcon becomes entangled in the net. The hunter gently removes and tethers it. The bird is then handed over to a falconer to start its training.
UAE falconers have developed their own breeding techniques which enthusiasts of the sport rate as the best in the world. One of the largest global projects relating to the breeding and preservation of falcons was launched in Al Ain in 1996.

 

http://www.adach.ae/en/portal/heritage/traditional.sports.aspx

 

 

Emirati Dress;*

 

The most popular garments for women include: 


-The Arab kandoura or shift, finely embroidered around the sleeves and neck.The thawb, a long tunic which goes over the kandour.The abaya, the loose-fitting outer garment which is worn in public.The sheila, a large piece of black fabric up to 2 metres long, which covers the woman’s head and part of her face in public.The burga’, one of the oldest traditional items of dress, is a mask once worn by girls when they came of age. Nowadays it is only really worn by the older generation. The inside surface of the mask is rubbed smooth using oyster shell or stone and painted with indigo dye, believed to have a beautifying and whitening effect on the skin. The usual colours of the burga’ are red and gold.

The most popular garments for men are as follows: 

-The gahfiya, a small, knitted cap that covers the hair and keeps the gitra in place
The gitra is a square piece of cotton, folded into a triangle and used to cover the head. It usually matches the dishdasha. The type of gitra changes according to personal preference, occasion and season
The shimagh is the same size as the gitra, but more colorful. It is often embroidered or patterned
The talisman is a headdress worn directly over the head. It hangs down over the shoulders and around the face.
Headgear is held in place by an iqal, or circular rope of twisted wool, usually black or white in color.

http://www.adach.ae/en/portal/heritage/emirati.dress.aspx

Emarati Food;*

 

Emirati food;

Comprising of simple dishes but bursting with flavour, the local cuisine is normally made up of fish, meat and rice. Here are some of the most important dishes.

 

Harees ; 

This is a mixture of ground wheat and slow-cooked meat boiled until it becomes almost like a sticky porridge. The traditional method of cooking this dish would involve a clay pot placed in a clay oven or putting the pot in a hole in the ground filled with burning coal and left to stew for several hours. This dish is very popular during special occasions such as weddings, as well as the month of Ramadan.

 

Majboos ;

Majboos is another favorite dish. It’s made with rice, onions and meat and is cooked with a variety of spices and vegetables. The rice and meat are layered on top of each other and cooked to perfection over a low fire in the oven, or as tradition dictates in the ‘coal hole’. This dish is very tasty and a meal in itself.

 

http://www.fyidubai.com/eating-out/features/53-emirati-cuisine

  

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